Woodworking Basics that You Should Know: Beginner’s Guide | The Edge Cutter

Woodworking is not just a hobby for some, it’s a passion that many take pride in. Woodworking for beginners can start with committing a lot of mistakes but you will end up becoming a master that can create a lot of things. However, the first things to hone is your woodworking basics.

When it comes to beginners woodworking, you need to understand that you don’t have to rush suddenly to create things that you see in a random woodworking video. It’s going to take a lot of patience and spending time with beginners woodworking tools. In this post, we are going to spend time learning some of the basics of woodworking:

1. Know and Follow the Safety Measures

Follow the safety measures while woodworking

With technical advancements, most of the woodworking tools have turned motor driven and electronic. Thus, there are sharp objects that are speedy to shape, cut, and smoothen your wood piece. This is good but at the same time, very risky. Therefore, it is very important to know how to handle them properly, without hurting yourself. 

First and foremost, go through the beginners manual and guidelines. These are available with both power tools and manual tools. Be sure to maintain a safe distance from cutting blades, saws, utility knives. It is also important to watch your hand before slamming the hammer and other heavy tools. Apart from the safety of yourself, also watch out for kids’ around. Safety is the first woodworking basic that you should abide by. 

2. Choose Your Equipment

Choose your equipment for woodworking

There are plenty of professional tools available at the retailer most of which are often hard to use for beginners. Such guidance is not available from the shopkeepers. Underneath we have listed some useful tools that every beginner woodworker must have:

1. Hand Tools​

  • Hammer: hammers are among the most common equipment. It is probably present in your workshop already. Widely used for driving screws and hammering bolts, but its purpose is not restricted to this only.
  • Layout square: before working with woods, one must take measurements and in order to make perfect squares, you must use this efficient tool.
  • Chisels: a chisel is an artistic tool, essentially used for curving the wood and shaping tiny corners.
  • Screwdrivers: the wondrous equipment that had needed very little change over the years. This one never goes out of use.
  • Nail Sets: nails are of the utmost importance when it comes to working with woods. No amount of adhesive can compete with the strength of nails.

2. Power Tools

  • Circular Saw: the name of the equipment is based on the shape of its blade and it is used for cutting the logs.
  • Jigsaw: a variation of cutting equipment used for shaping and creating angles.
  • Random orbital sander: there is no complete woodwork without sanding. And the random sander does the same with circular motions.
  • Table Saw: it is comparatively larger and usually used in factories. However, it is very useful in case of cutting larger logs.
  • Router: it is a basic tool that performs one of the most common yet important functions of routing.

3. Set up a Woodworking Workshop

Setup a woodworking workshop

Working randomly with any piece of log is never the right way. There is the requirement for a platform and a precise environment where the works can be carried on. But, preferably, one can keep it simple rather than setting up an extravagant garage or open space, with too many electrical cords running around. Some ideas involve having a simple workshop table, plywood and a pair of sawhorses. You can choose your basement

Nothing fancy is required. In fact, there is a greater chance of accidents and fallout in the case of beginners. Thus it is safer and financially convenient to use simple and minimalist setups for working on woodworking projects. However, make sure the sure that the surfaces are even and you have the basic tools required. 

4. Choose your Lumber for Respective Projects

Choose your Lumber for Respective Woodworking Projects

It is needless to say that getting the right piece of wood is mandatory for woodwork. There are not many guidelines regarding the select wood. However, there are some rules one should abide by to get the best result. First and foremost, one should get a straight wooden log. This means that there should not be any wraps or bowed, if you have an uneven wood then you will require a saw or a mill to make it level before any basic operation can be done.  

In order to detect whether it is straight or not, one may hold the log by its length with on end down towards the ground. This helps a great deal in determining the actual shape of the wood which may appear perfectly straight horizontally. If there are no straight wooden boards, then the straighter one is better to choose. Another way you can get a better quality of the board is by comparing a larger stock instead of little and left out stocks. As a great woodworking basic tip, you should start figuring which type of wood is best for what type of projects?

5. Sand the Wood

Sand the Wood

Knowing how to sand the wood is a prerequisite in order to get a smooth surface. It is precisely the process of preparing the wooden surface, typically making it smooth. There are powerful machines that do the work and make it convenient for you to work on wood. It makes your end result look good with a better finishing and also makes it comfortable in case you are looking to make furniture. 

Surfacing also prepares the wood for staining and painting. Sanding the entire lumber surface before starting the work of cutting and ripping is always preferred as the first choice. For this purpose, you can use two types of sanders. One is a belt sander that can be used for larger surface areas. These are heavy duty and the most powerful. The other kind is called orbital sanders that are more appropriate for small and tight areas.

6. Learn How to Take Measurements

Learn How to Take Measurements while woodworking

First and foremost, an important woodworking basic lesson is that you should know how to use a measuring tape. Never take measurements for granted, even a slight inch can mismatch your fitting operations. Always be cautious when taking measurement. 

When you look at a tape, you see lines, understand that these lines are infographics that determine particular diameters depending on their length. You can observe that the longest lines denote inches while the medium denotes half of an inch and the smaller ones denote quarters and eighths of inches.

Also, get to know the respective symbols that denote inches and other diameters. While measuring the wood, also ensure that you are holding the tape straight across or by the length.

Along with these few steps, you can also train yourself in sharpening tools and understanding the species and quality of woods. These are easy things but hold utmost importance when it comes to working with woods. 


Woodworking basics include things that every newbie should know. Remember that there is no work of excellence without proper preparation. Thus, instead of assuming that you can learn in the process, take out some time and go through the required information. This will not only save your time in the long run but also your money. Before even realizing you will be repairing and creating furniture and other more wood materials yourself.

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1 thought on “Woodworking Basics that You Should Know: Beginner’s Guide | The Edge Cutter”

  1. I can see what this wood working is talking about because of they work we are going to do so now every time i need help Im going to look on this website


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